Fencing is a combat sport in which participants use a sword to strike and defend themselves according to predetermined moves and rules. Since the beginning of the modern Olympic Games in 1896, fencing has been one of only four sports to be included in every edition. Today’s fencing is a modern combative sport. It’s a challenge both physically and tactically. A sport that’s extremely fast requiring both swiftness and a high degree of fitness.
Two competitors fight swords or weapons called the EPEE, FOIL and SABRE on a six-feet by forty feet aluminum piste. Points are made through contact/ touch with an opponent, which is recorded electronically. The target area of contact/ touch is different for each weapon.
The main object of a fencing bout (what an individual “game” is called) is to effectively score five points (in preliminary pool play) or 15 points (in direct elimination play) on your opponent before he/she scores that number on you. Each time a fencer scores a touch, he/ she receives a point. The preliminary pool matches consist of three minutes and direct elimination matches consist of three three-minute periods. There are both INDIVIDUAL and TEAM competitions and a team comprises of four fencers.
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